The Amber Force Fields
Amber is designed to work with several simple types of force fields, although it is most commonly used with parametrizations developed by Peter Kollman,his co-workers and “descendents”. The traditional parametrization uses fixed partial charges, centered on atoms. For a full description of the force fields and how to load them, please read Chapter 3 of the Amber 2021 Reference Manual.
Recommended Force Fields
Note: Be careful adopting a “mix and match” strategy for different components. The recommended choices are designed to work well together, and have been fairly extensively tested. Use of other combinations requires a deeper knowledge of the nature and origin of force fields. Recommended force fields are below:
|Molecule/Ion Type||Force Field
|organic molecules (usually ligands)||gaff2|
|ions||•should be matched to water model; see force fields for ions for further discussion|
|water model||•should be matched to atomic ions; common water models include tip3p, spc/e, tip4pew, and OPC|
More Force Field Information
Accessing the Amber Force Fields
All Amber force field parameter files can be obtained by
downloading AmberTools21, and extracting
.tar file. Parameter files will be in the
$AMBERHOME/dat/leap directory tree.
- list of leaprc files available -
- list of lib/off files available -
- list of frcmod/dat files available -
In order to add a parameter set into Leap, you will need both a
lib file and a
frcmod file. The
leaprc files are premade scripts that call up the recommended combinations.
In-Depth Description of Amber Force Field Files
For an in-depth description of different force field file components, see Chapter 15 of the Amber 2021 Reference Manual.
Using the Amber force fields in other software packages:
- Using the Amber force fields in Accelrys programs (via AmberFFC).
- Using the Amber force field in Gaussian QM/MM calculations.
- Using the Amber force field in NAMD (UIUC documentation).
- Using the Amber force field in NAMD (Rutgers documentation).
- Using the Amber force field in CHARMM (from Jeff Klauda).
- Using the Amber force field in GROMACS and CHARMM (via parmed).
- Using the Amber force field in GROMACS (via ffamber).
- Using the Amber force field in X-plor
- Using the Amber force field in MOLDEN; (see also this link.)
- Using the Amber force field in desmond (Preliminary version)
- Using the Amber force field in openMM
- Using the Amber force field in MOE